Ready-to-use. All natural ingredients. Repels 3 ways; by sense of touch, taste and smell. Protects plants and property. Even stops animals from chewing wood structures and fences. Repels moles, voles, skunks, rabbits, gophers, armadillos, and other verminand undesireables. Lasts up to 2 months per application. Can be exposed to water after 6 hours.