The health and well-being of our valued customers, associates and communities are always a top priority at Sutherlands. As we navigate the coronavirus (COVID-19) developments, we wanted to send a personal note to let you know how we are responding.

  • Our stores have increased cleaning and sanitizing procedures; and our employees continue to use proper hand washing techniques.
  • We have restricted all non-essential business travel.
  • We recognize this is an evolving situation and are aware that certain states and local governments are enacting their own restrictions that could further impact our operations.
  • As an “Essential Business”, our stores remain open. However, we have reduced store hours – please visit for your local store’s hours. As always, you may continue to shop online at and pick up your purchase at your local store.
  • To decrease crowd sizes and create a safe and enjoyable shopping environment for our customers and employees, we are reviewing our upcoming promotions and events and ask that all customers and employees comply with social distancing requirements.
  • Rest assured we continue to work with our vendors to bring you quality products at Sutherlands low prices. Sutherlands is working closely with our vendors to re-stock our inventory of products in high demand such as face masks, hand sanitizer and cleaning supplies.

We appreciate your continued support of our family business during these challenging times.

The Sutherland Family

Common Painting Terms

Abrasive- Used for wearing away a surface by rubbing. Examples are powdered pumice, sandpaper, and steel wool.

Acrylic- Synthetic resin used in a latex coating.

Adhesion- Bonding strength.

Alkali- Caustic chemicals terminology.

Alkyd- Synthetic resin modified with oil. Good adhesion to a clean surface. Good gloss, color retention, and flexibility. Slow drying.

Alligatoring- Cracks in a paint surface, resembles alligator hide.

Binder- Resin, holds or binds pigment.

Bleaching- Process of restoring discolored or stained wood to normal color or making lighter.

Bleeding- Undercoat showing through the topcoat.

Blistering- Formation of bubbles on painted surface.

Breathing- Paint film's ability to give moisture vapor without causing blistering, cracking, or peeling.

Bristle- Working part of brush, either natural (usually hog hair) or artificial (nylon or polyester). (see About Painting Tools.)

Burnishing- Shiny or lustrous spots on paint surface, caused by rubbing.

Camel Hair- Trade name for tail hair from various types of Russian squirrels. Used for lacquering brushes and lettering quills.

Caulking Compound- A semi-drying or slow-drying plastic material used to seal joints or fill crevices around windows, chimneys, etc.

Chalking -Erosion of paint film, leaving pigment particles without a binder.

Coverage-Square foot of area paint will cover.

Crawling -Defect of poor adhesion; may cause to gather up in globs.

Crazing- Small, interlacing cracks on finish surface.

Curing- Final drying of a coating material.

Enamel- Once associated with only oil-based paint, now term for products that usually have some gloss to finish. (see Enamel Characteristics.)

Enamel Undercoaters- Primer coat for wood and other smooth surfaces. Highly pigmented to fill surface pores and wood grain.

Epoxy -Clear finish, excellent adhesion qualities. Water resistant.

Fading- Reduction of color strength.

Feathering- Tapering outermost paint area.

Film - Layer or coat of paint or other material applied to surface.

Finish Coat -Last coat of paint or other finish.

Flaking- Paint failure where small paint pieces detach from surface of previous coat of paint. Usually preceded by cracking or blistering.

Flat -Painted surface that absorbs light upon it, substantially free from gloss or sheen. (see Sheen Descriptions.)

Floating- Separation of paint pigments from wet paint.

Flow- Paint's ability during application to self level for a smooth, uniform appearance.

Gloss- Luster, sheen, brightness of paint. (see Sheen Descriptions.)

Hide or Hiding Power- Paint's ability to block out colors underneath it.

Hot Spots- Lime not completely cured, bleeds through coating on a plastered wall.

Latex Base Paint-Paint composed of acrylic or poly-vinyl resins or another emulsion resin where water is the solvent for thinning. (see Latex Paint Characteristics.)

Leveling- Ability of paint to form even surface without brush marks.

Nap- Length of fibers in a paint roller cover. (see About Painting Tools.)

Opacity- Ability of paint to hide previous surface or color.

Orange Peel- Texture of paint surface, resembles orange peel skin.

Oil Base Paint -In a general term, resins that require a solvent other than water. Also called alkyd based. (see Oil Paint Characteristics.)

Peeling- Paint curling or stripping.

Pigment- Solid component in the liquid. Usually of color. (see What Paint is Made Of.)

Primer (or Prime Coat)- Applied as a first coat of a painting system. Designed to improve adhesion and provide a uniform surface for finish coat.

Profile- Texture of surface, often describing steel surface.

Resin- The binder or film forming component (see What Paint is Made Of.)

Roller- Paint application tool with a movable cylinder covered with lambswool, fabric, foamed plastic, or other material. (see About Painting Tools.)

Runs- Blemished film caused by excessive flow of coating.

Sags- Excessive flow, causing runs or sagging in paint film during application. Usually caused by applying too heavy a coat of paint or thinning too much.

Sealer- Thin liquid to "close" a surface, prevents previous paint from bleeding through from surface.

Semi-gloss- A luster between full gloss and flat. (see Sheen Descriptions and Enamel Descriptions.)

Settling- Paint separation where pigments and other solids accumulate at bottom of container.

Sheen- Various degrees from lusterless to high gloss. (see Sheen Descriptions.)

Shellac- Derived from a natural resinous substance called Lac. A sealer and finish for floors, for sealing knots, and other purposes. (see Shellac Characteristics.)

Skinning- Formation that occurs on top of liquid paint in storage, usually after air exposure.

Solvent -Thin liquid to dissolve resin. Gives paint ability to stay in solution. (see What Paint is Made Of.)

Spackling- Compund Crack filler for preparing surfaces before painting.

Stain- Solution primarily to create color effects rather than form a protective coating. Is transparent or semi-opaque. Colors without completely obscuring the surface's grain.

Strip- Removal of old finishes.

Substrate- Surface to apply paint.

Thinner -Material to reduce the paint viscosity (thickness).

Undercoat- Primer or intermediate coating before finish coat.

Varnish- Transparent liquid to give decorative and protective coating. Applied as thin film. (see Varnish Characteristics.)

Vehicle- Liquid portion of paint: resin and solvent components.

Viscosity- Thickness of the wet paint.

Wrinkling- Paint takes on a rough or crinkled appearance.

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